German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile hunter, an all-purpose gun
dog capable of high performance in field and water. The judgement
of Shorthairs in the show ring reflects this basic characteristic.
The overall picture which is created in the observer's eye is that
of an aristocratic, well balanced, symmetrical animal with conformation
indicating power, endurance and agility and a look of intelligence
and animation. The dog is neither unduly small nor conspicuously large.
It gives the impression of medium size, but is like the proper hunter,
"with a short back, but standing over plenty of ground."
Symmetry and field quality are most essential. A dog in hard and lean
field condition is not to be penalized; however, overly fat or poorly
muscled dogs are to be penalized. A dog well balanced in all points
is preferable to one with outstanding good qualities and defects.
Grace of outline, clean-cut head, sloping shoulders, deep chest, powerful
back, strong quarters, good bone composition, adequate muscle, well
carried tail and taut coat produce a look of nobility and indicate
a heritage of purposefully conducted breeding. Further evidence of
this heritage is movement which is balanced, alertly coordinated and
without wasted motion
of dogs, measured at the withers, 23 to 25 inches. Height of bitches,
measured at the withers, 21 to 23 inches. Deviations of one inch above
or below the described heights are to be severely penalized. Weight
of dogs 55 to 70 pounds. Weight of bitches 45 to 60 pounds.
from the forechest to the rearmost projection of the rump and from the
withers to the ground, the Shorthair is permissibly either square or
slightly longer than he is tall.
and fine bones are by no means desirable in a dog which must possess
strength and be able to work over any type of terrain. The main importance
is not laid so much on the size of bone, but rather on the bone being
in proper proportion to the body. Bone structure too heavy or too light
is a fault. Tall and leggy dogs, dogs which are ponderous because of
excess substance, doggy bitches, and bitchy dogs are to be faulted.
The head is
clean-cut, is neither too light nor too heavy, and is in proper proportion
to the body. The eyes are of medium size, full of intelligence
and expression, good-humored and yet radiating energy, neither protruding
nor sunken. The eye is almond shaped, not circular. The preferred color
is dark brown. Light yellow eyes are not desirable and are a fault.
Closely set eyes are to be faulted. China or wall eyes are to be disqualified.
The ears are broad and set fairly high, lie flat and never hang
away from the head. Their placement is just above eye level. The ears
when laid in front without being pulled, should extend to the corner
of the mouth. In the case of heavier dogs, the ears are correspondingly
longer. Ears too long or fleshy are to be faulted. The skull
is reasonably broad, arched on the side and slightly round on top. Unlike
the Pointer, the median line between the eyes at the forehead is not
too deep and the occipital bone is not very conspicuous. The foreface
rises gradually from nose to forehead. The rise is more strongly pronounced
in the dog than in the bitch. The jaw is powerful and the muscles well
developed. The line to the forehead rises gradually and never has a
definite stop as that of the Pointer, but rather a stop-effect when
viewed from the side, due to the position of the eyebrows. The muzzle
is sufficiently long to enable the dog to seize game properly and be
able to carry it for a long time. A pointed muzzle is not desirable.
The depth is in the right proportion to the length, both in the muzzle
and in the skull proper. The length of the muzzle should equal the length
of skull. A dish-shaped muzzle is a fault. A definite Pointer stop is
a serious fault. Too many wrinkles in the forehead is a fault. The nose
is brown, the larger the better, and with nostrils well opened and broad.
A spotted nose is not desirable. A flesh colored nose disqualifies.
The chops fall away from the somewhat projecting nose. Lips are full
and deep yet are never flewy. The teeth are strong and healthy.
The molars intermesh properly. The bite is a true scissors bite. A perfect
level bite is not desirable and must be penalized. Extreme overshot
or undershot disqualifies.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is
of proper length to permit the jaws reaching game to be retrieved, sloping
downwards on beautifully curving lines. The nape is rather muscular,
becoming gradually larger toward the shoulders. Moderate throatiness
is permitted. The skin is close and tight. The chest
in general gives the impression of depth rather than breadth; for all
that, it is in correct proportion to the other parts of the body. The
chest reaches down to the elbows, the ribs forming the thorax show a
rib spring and are not flat or slabsided; they are not perfectly round
or barrel-shaped. The back ribs reach well down. The circumference of
the thorax immediately behind the elbows is smaller than that of the
thorax about a hand's breadth behind elbows, so that the upper arm has
room for movement. Tuck-up is apparent. The back is short, strong,
and straight with a slight rise from the root of the tail to the withers.
The loin is strong, is of moderate length, and is slightly arched. An
excessively long, roached or swayed back must be penalized. The hips
are broad with hip sockets wide apart and fall slightly toward the tail
in a graceful curve. A steep croup is a fault. The tail is set
high and firm, and must be docked, leaving approximately 40% of its
length. The tail hangs down when the dog is quiet and is held horizontally
when he is walking. The tail must never be curved over the back toward
the head when the dog is moving. A tail curved or bent toward the head
is to be severely penalized.
are sloping, movable, and well covered with muscle. The shoulder blades
lie flat and are well laid back nearing a 45 degree angle. The upper
arm (the bones between the shoulder and elbow joint) is as long as possible,
standing away somewhat from the trunk so that the straight and closely
muscled legs, when viewed from the front, appear to be parallel. Elbows
which stand away from the body or are too close result in toes turning
inwards or outwards and must be faulted. Pasterns are strong,
short and nearly vertical with a slight spring. Loose, short-bladed
or straight shoulders must be faulted. Knuckling over is to be faulted.
Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet are compact,
close-knit and round to spoon-shaped. The toes are sufficiently arched
and heavily nailed. The pads are strong, hard and thick.
Thighs are strong and
well muscled. Stifles are well bent. Hock joints are well angulated
and strong with straight bone structure from hock to pad. Angulation
of both stifle and hock joint is such as to achieve the optimal balance
of drive and traction. Hocks turn neither in nor out. Cowhocked legs
are a serious fault.
The hair is short and
thick and feels tough to the hand; it is somewhat longer on the underside
of the tail and the back edges of the haunches. The hair is softer,
thinner and shorter on the ears and the head. Any dog with long hair
in the body coat is to be severely penalized.
The coat may be of
solid liver or a combination of liver and white such as liver and white
ticked, liver patched and white ticked, or liver roan. A dog with any
area of black, red, orange, lemon or tan, or a dog solid white will
A smooth lithe gait
is essential. It is to be noted that as gait increases from the walk
to a faster speed, the legs converge beneath the body. The tendency
to single track is desirable. The forelegs reach well ahead as if to
pull in the ground without giving the appearance of a hackney gait.
The hindquarters drive the back legs smoothly and with great power.
The Shorthair is friendly,
intelligent, and willing to please. The first impression is that of
a keen enthusiasm for work without indication of nervous or flightly
China or wall eyes.
Flesh colored nose.
Extreme overshot or undershot.
A dog with any area of black, red, orange, lemon, or tan, or a dog solid
Approved August 11, 1992
Effective September 30, 1992
Our Dogs >>
compact, closely knit dog of medium size, a leggy dog having the appearance,
as well as the agility, of a great ground coverer. Strong, vigorous,
energetic and quick of movement. Ruggedness, without clumsiness, is
a characteristic of the breed. He can be tailless or has a tail docked
to approximately four inches.
Size, Proportion, Substance
to 20½ inches, measured from the ground to the highest point of the
shoulders. Any Brittany measuring under 17½ inches or over 20½ inches
shall be disqualified from dog show competition. Weight--Should
weigh between 30 and 40 pounds.
leggy is he that his height at the shoulders is the same as the length
of his body.
the same as the height when measured at the shoulders. Body length is
measured from the point of the forecast to the rear of the rump. A long
body should be heavily penalized.
Substance--Not too light in bone, yet never heavy-boned and cumbersome.
and eager, but with the soft expression of a bird dog. Eyes--Well
set in head. Well protected from briars by a heavy, expressive eyebrow.
A prominent full or popeye should be penalized. It is a serious fault
in a dog that must face briars. Skull well chiseled under the eyes,
so that the lower lid is not pulled back to form a pocket or haw that
would catch seeds, dirt and weed dust. Preference should be for the
darker colored eyes, though lighter shades of amber should not be penalized.
Light and mean-looking eyes should be heavily penalized. Ears--Set
high, above the level of the eyes. Short and triangular, rather than
pendulous, reaching about half the length of the muzzle. Should lie
flat and close to the head, with dense, but relatively short hair, and
with little fringe. Skull--Medium length, rounded, very slightly
wedge-shaped, but evenly made. Width, not quite as wide as the length
and never so broad as to appear coarse, or so narrow as to appear racy.
Well defined, but gently sloping stop. Median line rather indistinct.
The occiput only apparent to the touch. Lateral walls well rounded.
The Brittany should never be "apple-headed" and he should
never have an indented stop. Muzzle--Medium length, about two
thirds the length of the skull, measuring the muzzle from the tip to
the stop, and the skull from the occiput to the stop. Muzzle should
taper gradually in both horizontal and vertical dimensions as it approaches
the nostrils. Neither a Roman nose nor a dish-face is desirable. Never
broad, heavy or snippy. Nose--Nostrils well open to permit deep
breathing of air and adequate scenting. Tight nostrils should be penalized.
Never shiny. Color: fawn, tan, shades of brown or deep pink. A black
nose is a disqualification. A two-tone or butterfly nose should be penalized.
Lips--Tight, the upper lip overlapping the lower jaw just to
cover the lower lip. Lips dry, so that feathers will not stick. Drooling
to be heavily penalized. Flews to be penalized. Bite--A true
scissors bite. Overshot or undershot jaw to be heavily penalized.
Neck, Topline, Body
length. Free from throatiness, though not a serious fault unless accompanied
by dewlaps, strong without giving the impression of being over muscled.
Well set into sloping shoulders. Never concave or ewe-necked. Topline--Slight
slope from the highest point of the shoulders to the root of the tail.
Chest--Deep, reaching the level of the elbow. Neither so wide
nor so rounded as to disturb the placement of the shoulders and elbows.
Ribs well sprung. Adequate heart room provided by depth as well as width.
Narrow or slab-sided chests are a fault. Back--Short and straight.
Never hollow, saddle, sway or roach backed. Slight drop from the hips
to the root of the tail. Flanks--Rounded. Fairly full. Not extremely
tucked up, or flabby and falling. Loins short and strong. Distance from
last rib to upper thigh short, about three to four finger widths. Narrow
and weak loins are a fault. In motion, the loin should not sway sideways,
giving a zig-zag motion to the back, wasting energy. Tail--Tailless
to approximately four inches, natural or docked. The tail not to be
so long as to affect the overall balance of the dog. Set on high, actually
an extension of the spine at about the same level. Any tail substantially
more than four inches shall be severely penalized.
blades should not protrude too much, not too wide apart, with perhaps
two thumbs' width between. Sloping and muscular. Blade and upper arm
should form nearly a ninety degree angle. Straight shoulders are a fault.
At the shoulders, the Brittany is slightly higher than at the rump.
Front Legs--Viewed from the front, perpendicular, but not set
too wide. Elbows and feet turning neither in nor out. Pasterns slightly
sloped. Down in pasterns is a serious fault. Leg bones clean, graceful,
but not too fine. Extremely heavy bone is as much a fault as spindly
legs. One must look for substance and suppleness. Height at elbows should
approximately equal distance from elbow to withers. Feet--Should
be strong, proportionately smaller than the spaniels', with close fitting,
well arched toes and thick pads. The Brittany is "not up on his
toes." Toes not heavily feathered. Flat feet, splayed feet, paper
feet, etc., are to be heavily penalized. An ideal foot is halfway between
the hare and the cat foot. Dewclaws may be removed.
strong and muscular, with powerful thighs and well bent stifles, giving
the angulation necessary for powerful drive. Hind Legs--Stifles
well bent. The stifle should not be so angulated as to place the hock
joint far out behind the dog. A Brittany should not be condemned for
straight stifle until the judge has checked the dog in motion from the
side. The stifle joint should not turn out making a cowhock. Thighs
well feathered but not profusely, halfway to the hock. Hocks, that is,
the back pasterns, should be moderately short, pointing neither in nor
out, perpendicular when viewed from the side. They should be firm when
shaken by the judge. Feet Same as front feet.
flat or wavy, never curly. Texture neither wiry nor silky. Ears should
carry little fringe. The front and hind legs should have some feathering,
but too little is definitely preferable to too much. Dogs with long
or profuse feathering or furnishings shall be so severely penalized
as to effectively eliminate them from competition. Skin--Fine
and fairly loose. A loose skin rolls with briars and sticks, thus diminishing
punctures or tearing. A skin so loose as to form pouches is undesirable.
and white or liver and white in either clear or roan patterns. Some
ticking is desirable. The orange or liver is found in the standard parti-color
or piebald patterns. Washed out colors are not desirable. Tri-colors
are allowed but not preferred. A tri-color is a liver and white dog
with classic orange markings on eyebrows, muzzle and cheeks, inside
the ears and under the tail, freckles on the lower legs are orange.
Anything exceeding the limits of these markings shall be severely penalized.
Black is a disqualification.
at a trot the Brittany's hind foot should step into or beyond the print
left by the front foot. Clean movement, coming and going, is very important,
but most important is side gait, which is smooth, efficient and ground
happy, alert dog, neither mean nor shy.
Brittany measuring under 17½ inches or over 20½ inches
A black nose
Black in the coat
Approved April 10, 1990
Effective May 31, 1990